10 Best Tourist Attractions in Salzburg
10 Best Tourist Attractions in Salzburg – Salzburg, which the sound of music permeates a charming city of over 145,000 inhabitants in western Austria. The city on the Salzach River is noted for the setting for The Sound of Music, an endearing musical. However Salzburg was well-known for the birthplace of Mozart, one of the great classical music composers in the world, long before the Rodgers and Hammerstein blockbuster. It’s possible to see several attractions in Salzburg on a quick day trip from Vienna or Munich, but spending a few days allows tourists to take in more soak and sights in the atmosphere of the delightful city.
1. Hohensalzburg Castle
Hohensalzburg Castle is Salzburg’s most famous landmark, which Sitting stop Festungsberg hill. Hohensalzburg Castle which was built in 1077, is one of the best preserved and largest fortresses now in Central Europe. The fortress is so soundly constructed as it has never been conquered. Once housing a prison and military barracks, the fortress now becomes a multi-purpose facility. With medieval chambers and courtyards open for tourists, Hohensalzburg Castle houses an concerts and International Summer Academy as well.
2. Mirabell Palace
Mirabell Palace was built in 1606 by a prince-archbishop whose intentions was to make it as a home for his mistress. It was rebuilt in Neoclassical and Baroque styles later, and served as the future King Otto of Greece’s birthplace in 1815. The front of the building is plain compared to the other Salzburg palaces, but tourists will explore lush gardens, featuring mythological statues on the grounds. “Do Re Mi” was sung here by Maria and the Von Trapp children in Sound of Music. The palace is a favorite spot for weddings, including marriage of Eva Braun’s sister to one of staff officers of Adolph Hitler during the World War II; Hitler was a witness then.
3. Salzburger Dom
Salzburg Cathedral, also known as Salzburger Dom, dates back to the 8th century. The attractive Italian Baroque cathedral as it exists now was constructed in the 17th century. Being bombed in World War II, the cathedral is dedicated to its early founders, St. Virgilius and St. Rupert. Situated on the Dopmplatz, the cathedral’s front is dominated by a column with the Virgin Mary statue at the top. There are four figures below her which represent the angels, evil, wisdom, and the church. The interior of the chruch contains the font where Mozart was baptized.
4. Hellbrunn Palace
Tourists to Hellbrunn Palace should wear clothes which dry quickly. It is because the trick fountains of the palace is noted for spray water on tourists. One of the most favorite family attractions in Salzburg, the early Renaissance palace of 17th century was initially constructed as a pleasant place where the archbishops could relax for one day. As they came only for one day, this palace has no bedrooms, despite it was intended to be a summer residence. Fans of Sound of Music may notice the pavilion where “Sixteen Going on Seventeen” was sung by Liesl to Rolfe, despite it was situated at another palace when it was filmed.
Residence Square, or Residenzplatz, is situated in the Old Town Salzburg’s heart, This picturesque square is surrounded by Salzburg Cathedral, archbishop residences, townhouses and the Old Residence today filled with eateries and shops. It is also the place where tourists take hop a horse-drawn carriage for a ride via the Old Town’s streets. A fountain, said to be Salzburg’s most picturesque, punctuates this square. The unique fountain sports snorting horses, dolphins and giants. A lot of public events, including Christmas fair of Salzburg, take place in this square now.
6. Mozart Birthplace
No. 9 Getreidegasse becomes a home to Austria’s one of the most visited museums. It is the place where Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on 27 January 1756. This museum which honors the life of the great composer consists of three floors. The first floor focuses on his everyday life, with original documents, paintings, and utensils. The second floor is dedicated to Mozart’s life as a opera composer, with sets and costumes. The third floor presents the room where he was born and tells about the members of his family as well.
7. Hangar 7
Hangar 7 is a stylish, which is owned by Dietrich Mateschitz, the Red Bull founder, hangar-inspired museum with a collection of historical airplanes, Formula One racing cars, and helicopters. It is one of those museums which is just as attractive from the outside as it is seen from the inside. Th adjoining cylindrical towers and wing-like dome of the museum are built of a latticework of steel which supporting a glass shell. Modern structure, the sleek contrasts sharply with the Alps rising in the background. Hangar 7 also serves as home to the Michelin starred restaurant Ikarus as well as a lounge and two bars.
Translated as Grain Lane, Getreidegasse is the most famous shopping street in Salzburg. Situated in Old Town, it is filled with high narrow buildings which contain restaurants, shops, and boutiques serving the specialties of the city, as well as mouthwatering desserts. Several buildings have guild signs which indicate the work type which took place here in past centuries. Traditional costumes and jewelry are among the favorite items on shoppers’ lists. Remember that No. 9 Getreidegasse is Mozart’s birthplace. Tourists should take time to explore the courtyards and passageways off this street since there are even more fine shops to separate them from their Euros.
St Peter’s Cemetery, or Petersfriedhof, is Austria’s oldest Christian cemetery, as it presents condition dating back to 1627. It is Salzburg’s aristocrats’s final resting place, with their families still tending their graves now, decorating them with flowers, the most notable pansies. Other notables were buried here include Joseph Hayden’s younger brother and Mozart’s sister. Catacombs above this cemetery contain murals, altars, and other rooms which are open to public. The biggest draw of the cemetery, however, comes from tourists who want to find the hideout of the Von Trapp family while escaping from the Nazis in the movie “The Sound of Music”.
Tourists whose an interest in pre-historic spots may enjoy a visit to Kapuzinerberg. Located on a hill which overlooking the Salzach River, human residence of Kapuzinerberg which dates back to the Neolithic era. This hill is not fully developed, and some small wild animals may appear roaming the grounds and gardens. Kapuzinerberg is well known for its Way of the Cross chapels which tell the Passion of Christ’s story as they walking up the hill. This route ends with an amazing illustration of the crucifixion. A monastery, lush gardens and towers from an old fortress add to the beauty of this site.