Krakatoa Tourist Attractions
Krakatoa Tourist Attractions – Krakatoa is an island volcano in the Indonesian archipelago, and became the much larger island at Sumatra and Java. The mountain was erupted in 1883, and it was the largest eruption in recent time. The Krakatoa Islands are administratively located in the sub district of Rajabasa, South Lampung, Lampung Province. However, in fact they form part of Ujung Kulon, Krakatoa National Park, which is approved by UNESCO as World Heritage site.
In the afternoon of August 26th 1883 Mount Krakatoa suddenly erupted with such cataclysmic force whose explosion could be heard in Burma to Australia. The following day, the massive volcanic materials blew up so high creating a gaping gash in its crater and causing mountain imploded finally sank. The boiling sea caused huge tsunami waves of more than ten meters high, shattering the towns of Anyer and Banten on Java and Lampung on Sumatra, and obliterating the entire population. The tsunami waves spread throughout the Indian Ocean, and was said to be felt even to France. While the volcanic ash of Krakatoa was reported to circle on earth’s atmosphere, creating amazing sunsets around the world for two years.
Mount Krakatoa is still active. The recent-active vent has shaped a small island in the centre of the ocean-filled caldera that was developed during the 1883’s famous big eruption. The island is known as Anak Krakatoa (child of Krakatoa). It is quite much erupting all the time at a low tier, still once or twice a year it has rather larger eruptions that people will notice and sometimes are reported in the news. Of course none of these eruptions are anywhere close to the size of the famous 1883 eruption.
Krakatoa is following a pattern which is quite common for volcanoes. The pattern comprises hundreds to thousands of years of small eruptions to create a volcano, which followed by one or more huge eruptions that leads the volcano to collapse into a caldera, and then this pattern starts over again.
The Krakatoa Islands are considered now as a massive natural laboratory since this site is of one of the most catastrophic natural disasters on earth. Encompassing a total of 13.735,10 hectares, they comprise 2.535,10 hectares of land and 11.200 hectares of marine reserves, the Krakatoa Islands bear considerable significance to scientists in Volcanology, Geology, and Biology. For common visitors, nonetheless, the sheer scenery and remarkable history of volcanic activities of the islands are indeed something worth travelling for.
How to get there:
The Krakatoa Islands are accessible from both the island of Sumatra and Java. Bandar Lampung, the capital of Lampung is the main entry point on Sumatra, while the country’s capital Jakarta, through the province of Banten from Java is the main entry point on Java.
From Bandar Lampung you can catch a bus from terminal of Panjang or Rajabasa in Kalianda’s direction, South Lampung districts for about 45 minutes. There you can proceed your trip by using public transportation mini buses which taking approximately 10 minutes to Canti Village. When you are in Canti village, heads to its dock where you can rent a Jetfoil (fast boat) or ordinary motor boats. If you take a fast boat, getting to Krakatoa Islands Nature Reserve will take about 90 minutes, while using ordinary motor boats, the trip will last about 150 minutes.
From Jakarta fastest way to get to the islands is by chartered Jetfoil (fast boats) or alternately cruise ships from Tanjung Priok Bay straight to the Islands of Krakatoa. If you are more adventurous, the public transportation route is recommeded. Start by catching a bus at Kalideres Terminal in direction of Merak Harbor in Banten, which will take roughly 1.5 hours. From the Harbor you will need to take a ferry across the Sunda Straits which will lead you to Bakauheni Harbor on Sumatra. Depending on the traffic and weather conditions, the ferry ride will take up one to two hours. From The Bakauheni Harbor, you can charter a public transport which will take you to Port Tanjung Bom. From there you can find a lot of rented boats, that can ride you to Sabesi Island as a transit area before heading to the Islands of Krakatoa. It takes about a two hour boat ride from Sabesi Island to Krakatoa Islands.