10 Most Spectacular Sea Stacks in the World
10 Most Spectacular Sea Stacks in the World – Sea stacks are astonishing vertical rock formations standing in the sea which were formed fully by water and wind. The formation process usually starts when the sea makes cracks in the headland, leading them to later collapse, and shaping free-standing stacks. Finally, the same process which created the sea stacks will lead them to collapse as well.
1. The Twelve Apostles
Formed as a result of erosion by rain, winds and wild seas, the Twelve Apostles became large limestone stacks. They are situated along the wonderful Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia. Although their biblical name there are only eight apostles out of the twelve apostles formation. Just now a 164 feet (50 meter) tall apostle collapsed in 2005. Little Penguins can be seen nesting in the caves beneath the Twelve Apostles.
2. Old Man of Hoy
It is a 449 feet (137 meters) high sea stack of red sandstone. The Old Man of Hoy situated on the west coast of the island of Hoy, the Orkney Islands, Scotland. On maps which was drawn between 1600 and 1750, the area looks as a headland without sea stacks so the Old Man is perhaps less than 400 years old. It perhaps not get much older, since there are indications that it possibly soon collapse. The sea stack was first climbed in 1966 and is a renowned rock climbing destination.
3. Risin og Kellingin
Just off the northern coast of the island of Eysturoy in the Faroe Islands, Risin og Kellingin are famous two sea stacks. The name Risin og Kellingin refers to an old legend about their origins and means The Giant and the Witch and. The giant is the 233 foot (71 meter) tall stack further from the coast, and the Kellingin (witch) is the 223 foot (68 meter) tall stack closest to the land. Geologists predict that Kellingin, that recently stands on two legs, will collapse into the sea sometime in the following few decades during the winter storms.
4. Ko Tapu
Ko Tapu which means Nail Island is a 66 foot (20 meter) tall sea stack situated in the Phang Nga Bay, Thailand. Since it was featured in the James Bond movie The Man with the Golden Gun in 1974, Ko Tapu has become a renowned tourist attraction. Based on this reason, it is often referred to as James Bond Island as well. James Bond returned to Phang Nga Bay in the movie Tomorrow Never Dies in 1997.
5. Haystack Rock
Haystack Rock is a 235 foot (72 meter) tall sea stack situated on Cannon Beach in Oregon state. The rock is home to a lot of birds, including tufted cormorants, puffins, and gulls. It is accessible by foot during low tide and a famous tourist destination. Every year, a lot of people become trapped on Haystack Rock as the high tide engulfs the rock in water for the time being.
6. Bako Sea Stack
The Bako National Park is situated in Sarawak, a state of east Malaysia, on Borneo island. Over Million years of sandstone erosion have formed an amazing sea cliffs, coastline of steep cliffs, and stretches of sandy bays. This most famous landmark of Bako National Park is the sea stack in front of the picturesque sandstone beach, which resembles a head of cobra coming out of the water. It is also home to the extremely endangered proboscis monkey which known for their big noses.
7. Kicker Rock
Also called the Sleeping Lion, or León Dormido, Kicker Rock is a rocky formation and famous dive attraction on the west side of Isla San Cristobal, the Galápagos archipelago’s easternmost island. This rock indicates a lava cone’s remains, which today split in two. There is a mild stream which passes through the two rocks, that attracts Galápagos and hammerhead sharks. Kicker Rock is home to a large colony of sea birds as well.
8. Sail Rock
Sail Rock or Parus Rock, is a large sandstone stack situated on the shore of Russian Black Sea. The proportions of the rock are quite incredible. While the sea stack is only a little over one meter thick, it is about 82 feet (25 meters) high and about 66 feet (20 meters) in length. Therefore, the form of the rock is often described as resembling the outline of the sail of a ship, hence its nickname. Just over the ground the rock owns a hole, presumably formed by artillery fire during the Caucasian War.
9. Lange Anna
A famous landmark of the small German island Heligoland, The Lange Anna is situated in the northern sea. This island used to be much larger yet the waves slowly erased most of the rocks above sea level. The waves forms beautiful formations like caves and cramped peninsulas with arches at the bottom. When an arch collapsed, a sea stack stayed still. The 154 feet (47 meter) high is the result of the natural arch falling in 1868. In the spring, the rock is covered by sea birds which get to the rock to breed.
10. Old Harry Rocks
Located on the Dorset coast in the south of England, The Old Harry Rocks are known as the two chalk stacks. The rocks mark the Jurassic Coast’s eastern end. Here the cliffs are largely made up of chalk, with some bands of flint inside them. The sea stacks are constantly being eroded by the sea and therefore an ever-changing feature. People could still stroll from the mainland to Old Harry in the 18th century, that is the stack at the end closest to the sea.