10 Most Beautiful Palaces in the World
10 Most Beautiful Palaces in the World – Now becoming popular tourist attractions, They were once served as the homes of emperors and kings. Here’s a list of some of the most beautiful palaces in the world.
1. Forbidden City
Forbidden City which is located in the center of Beijing is the largest palace complex in the world which covering 72 hectares. The complex which was constructed from 1406 to 1420, consists of 980 surviving structures with 8,707 rooms which surrounded by a ten meter high wall and a six meter deep moat. The distance is 960 meters between the Tiananmen Gate and the Gate of Divine Might. From the Forbidden City, there are 24 emperors who reigned over the country for nearly five centuries until the abdication of the last Emperor of China, Puyi.
2. Potala Palace
Located on the hill of Marpo Ri, about 130 meters above the Lhasa valley, It rises a further 170 meters and becomes the greatest monumental building in all of Tibet. Despite in the 7th century a palace was already constructed here, the construction of the current palace started in 1645 during the rule of the fifth Dalai Lama, and the White Palace, or Potrang Karpo was completed in 1648. The Red Palace, or Potrang Marpo was added during 1690 to 1694. The Potala Palace served as Dalai Lama’s residence until the Chinese invasion in 1959, which caused 14th Dalai Lama fled to India.
Alhambra palace which is part palace, part fortress, and part garden, is sitting on a plateau which overlooking Granada city in south Spain. The palace was build the Nasrid sultans during the middle 14th century and is a testament to the expertise of Muslim craftsmen of that era. The palace becomes one of Spanish main tourist attractions now. There are many tourists who visit Granada just to see the Alhambra.
4. Palace of Versailles
Built in 1624 by Louis XIII, Versailles was originally a hunting lodge. Later his successor, Louis XIV extended the site into one of the world’s largest palaces, and used it to control France by absolute rule from 1682. The Palace of Versailles kept the official residence of the French Kings until October 1789 when the royal family was compelled to go back to Paris during the French Revolution.
5. Chateau de Chambord
The second most popular château in France after Versailles, is France Renaissance’s masterpiece. Chateau de Chambord consists of 440 chambers, 84 staircases, and 365 fireplaces. In 1519 the construction of the chateau began by King François I as he wanted to hunt in the nearby forests. Its cold and massive rooms made it unpopular as an proper residence, and François I himself remained here for less than 40 days in total.
6. Topkapi Palace
Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror first ordered the construction of a new residence when he took Constantinople in 1453. This was later to be known as Topkapi palace. The palace would keep of the Ottoman sultans’ imperial enclave for four centuries, from 1465 – 1853. The palace complex underwent constant modifications over the years. Now the complex is made up of four main courtyards of increasing splendor and a lot of smaller buildings.
7. Summer Palace
Situated 9.3 miles (15 kilometers) from central Beijing, The Summer Palace is mostly dominated by the Kunming Lake and the Longevity Hill. The Summer Palace, as its name implies, was served as a summer house by the imperial rulers of China; as a retreat from the Forbidden City. The gardens were substantially expanded In 1750 which reproducing the genre of various gardens and palaces from around China. Kunming Lake was expandad to imitate the Western Lake in HangZhou.
8. Schonbrunn Palace
Comparable in grandeur to Versailles, the 1,441 room Schönbrunn Palace is one of Vienna’s major tourist attractions. At the request of Emperor Leopold I, the palace was constructed between 1696 and 1712, then became the imperial summer palace by Maria Theresa. The Park of the palace features a lot of tourist attractions, like the world’s oldest zoo, the secret Garden, a labyrinth and maze, and the Gloriette or a marble summerhouse which is located on top of a 60 meter high hill.
9. Mysore Palace
Mysore in India which is commonly described as the City of Palaces, owns a number of historic palaces of which Mysore Palace is the most renowned one. In 1897, the palace was commissioned after the old one was destroyed due to a fire during a wedding, and its construction was finished in 1912. In September and October during the Dasara festival the palace is illuminated with over 10,000 bulbs, offering an incredible sight.
10. Pena National Palace
Built in 1842 by King Ferdinand II, Pena National Palace in Portugal, is the oldest castle in Europe with the Romanticism style. The palace was built on the ruins of a monastery which was severely damaged due to the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755. With it original red and yellow colors restored, now the Pena National Palace becomes one of the most visited monuments in Portugal.